Vascular dementia

The brain and dementia

Knowing more about the brain may help someone caring for a person with dementia to understand the condition and support them better. 


The early stages of dementia

In the early stages of dementia, a person’s symptoms will be noticeable and will affect their day-to-day life. Learn more about the early stages of dementia. 


What causes young-onset dementia?

The causes of young-onset dementia are different from that in older people. The young-onset of some of the most common types of dementia are described on this page.


Treatment and support of vascular dementia

There is currently no cure for vascular dementia: the brain damage that causes it cannot be reversed. However, there is a lot that can be done to enable someone to live well with the condition. This will involve drug and non-drug treatment, support and activities.

Diagnosis of vascular dementia

There is no single test for vascular dementia. The GP will first need to rule out conditions that can have similar symptoms, particularly depression. Symptoms could also be caused by infections, vitamin and thyroid deficiencies (diagnosed from a blood test) and side effects of medication.

Risk factors for vascular dementia

There are a number of things that can put someone at risk of developing vascular dementia. These are called risk factors. Most of these are things that contribute to underlying cardiovascular diseases.

Symptoms of vascular dementia

How vascular dementia affects people varies depending on the different underlying causes and more generally from person to person. Symptoms may develop suddenly, for example after a stroke, or more gradually, such as with small vessel disease.