Types of dementia Dementia is the broad term used to describe a number of different conditions affecting the brain, including Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and more. Advice What is dementia? These pages explain what dementia is, including the causes and symptoms, and how it is diagnosed and treated. They also look at the different types of dementia. Advice Alzheimer's disease Alzheimer’s disease is the most common cause of dementia. Learn about the symptoms, how it is diagnosed, and factors that can put someone at risk of developing it. We also look at treatments and support currently available for the condition. Advice Vascular dementia: what is it, and what causes it? Vascular dementia is the second most common type of dementia (after Alzheimer's disease), affecting around 150,000 people in the UK. Find out more about vascular dementia and what causes it. Advice Dementia with Lewy bodies: what is it and what causes it? Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) is a type of dementia that shares symptoms with both Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease. Advice Frontotemporal Dementia (FTD): what is it and what are the symptoms? Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is one of the less common types of dementia. It is sometimes called Pick's disease or frontal lobe dementia. The first noticeable FTD symptoms are changes to personality and behaviour and/or difficulties with language. Advice What is mixed dementia? ‘Mixed dementia’ is a condition in which a person has more than one type of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease and vascular dementia is the most common type. 17 August 2018 64 Advice Young-onset dementia These pages explain what young-onset dementia is, including the causes and symptoms, and how it is diagnosed and treated. Advice Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is caused by an abnormally shaped protein called a prion infecting the brain. Advice HIV-associated neurocognitive disorder (HAND) People with HIV and AIDS sometimes develop cognitive impairment, particularly in the later stages of their condition. Advice Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) This page explains what mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is and tells you about some of the main symptoms. Advice Learning disabilities and dementia Read our introduction to dementia in people with learning disabilities. This section includes details of why someone with a learning disability is more likely to develop dementia, and suggestions how they can live well with the condition. Advice Rarer types of dementia Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, but there are many rarer diseases and conditions that can lead to dementia, dementia-like symptoms or mild cognitive impairment.