5. Shouting and screaming
The person may scream, shout or moan or use abusive language, occasionally or repeatedly. This can be very distressing for carers and the person with dementia, and can cause emotional strain between them.
There are many possible reasons for why a person with dementia shouts, including:
- pain or discomfort
- attempting to communicate a need, eg hunger or thirst
- a feeling, eg anxiety, loneliness or boredom
- under-stimulation or over-stimulation
- a response to a hallucination or misperception
- communication problems
- an unsupportive environment - eg it may be too hot, too cold or too dark.
Shouting and screaming: tips for carers
- Don't ignore or talk over the person. Involve them in what is happening and explain what is going on. The behaviour may be a response to them misinterpreting your intentions.
- Try to make sure the person has social interaction and sensory stimulation.
- Consider relaxing approaches such as music, aromatherapy or massage and touch.
- Make sure the person has had their sight and hearing checked.
- Consider how a room looks in the dark and whether anything is potentially frightening. A nightlight in the bedroom may be reassuring.