Science behind the headlines: How to reduce your risk and other popular topics

Science behind the headlines

The articles in this section will help give more context to a topic, and will look at more than one study with the aim of seeing where the consensus lies.

Click on a topic to find out about the science behind its headlines:

Read more information on alcohol

Read more information on coconut oil

Read more information on caffeine

Read more information on Mediterranean diet

Read more information on Omega-3

Read more information on brain training

Read more information on antioxidants

Read more information on sleep


Read more information on sports related head injuries

Read more information on tumeric

Read more information on cinnamon

Read more information on high blood pressure

Read more information on cholesterol

Read more information on exercise

Read more information on commercially available genetic testing kits

While one reported study may find benefits to something, many other studies may have found the opposite. This often happens in science and is an essential part of the scientific process to develop knowledge and understanding. It is through a consensus that scientists aim to better understand what the most likely answer is. Therefore, looking at a range of studies examining a particular topic will give a much better overview of an area of research than looking at one study in isolation.

It is also important to note that, while a study or many studies may show a benefit to a particular behaviour within the lab or in models of dementia, this does not mean that it will necessarily work in people or in the long-term way that we would like.

These articles will have a look at the evidence for or against certain things that may be of benefit in slowing the progression of dementia, or in reducing the risk of developing dementia.

Please note: These articles in this section examine the scientific evidence behind claims and examines studies reported in the press - they are not to be taken as advice. Always speak to your doctor if you would like to make changes to your diet or lifestyle. 

Breaking news

We often read about 'breakthroughs' or 'potential cures' in the press. Some of our articles will look at the studies behind these headlines to explain further, put it into context and give our views on the science behind them.

The aim of this is to cover the study in more depth than a newspaper article may be able to, and to examine the quality of the research – not all studies are good, and we will talk about any limitations or particular strengths.

Read the stories behind the breaking stories

Other resources

For additional resources similar to these on a range of health topics, visit the NHS Choices Behind the Headlineswebsite, which explores the science behind widely reported studies. This now also hosts an interactive forum called Healthy Evidence, which is run with the support of Sense About Science and enables discussion around certain stories and topics as well as explanations of health stories.

Please note: These articles in this section examine the scientific evidence behind claims and examines studies reported in the press - they are not to be taken as advice. Always speak to your doctor if you would like to make changes to your diet or lifestyle

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