Supporting a lesbian, gay, bisexual or trans person with dementia

2. Definitions

This factsheet uses the terms LGB and T to mean the following:

  • Lesbian – a woman who has an emotional, romantic or sexual orientation towards women.
  • Gay – a man who has an emotional, romantic or sexual orientation towards men.
  • Bisexual – a person who has an emotional, romantic or sexual orientation towards men and women.
  • Trans – a person who doesn’t identify with their assigned gender at birth, or who see themselves as between, beyond or outside of the two standard categories of male and female.

The factsheet will also use the following terms:

  • Heterosexual – a person who has an emotional, romantic or sexual orientation towards people of the opposite sex.
  • Cisgender – a person whose gender identity is the same as the sex they were assigned at birth.

A person’s sexual orientation (sexual, romantic or emotional attraction to others) is different to their gender identity (how they see themselves – male, female, both or neither). Everyone will have both a sexual orientation and a gender identity. However, trans people sometimes find that their sexual orientation is overlooked by the people supporting them. It is an important part of who they are and they should be supported to express it.